The U.S. policy of "containment'' aimed to contain what?
Oct 29, · Containment was a foreign policy of the United States of America, introduced at the start of the Cold War, aimed at stopping the spread of Communism and keeping it "contained" and isolated within its current borders of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR or the Soviet Union) instead of spreading to a war-ravaged Europe. U.S. Policy of Containment: The point of the Containment Policy was for the United States during the Cold War to keep Communism from spreading. Also if they failed then the domino effect would occur and eventually, more and more countries would fall to Communism. This is the reason the USA fought in the Vietnam War and the Korean War.
The opposition to the French imperial presence, competing factions in Vietnam, and involvements of Western powers, China, and the Soviet Union led to the First te later Second Indochina Wars.
France began its conquest of Indochina in the late s, and completed pacification by The Treaty of Hue formed the basis for French colonial rule in Vietnam for the next seven decades. Despite military resistance, by the area of the current-day nations of Cambodia and Vietnam was made the u.
s. policy of containment aimed to contain what the colony of French Indochina Laos was later added. Various Vietnamese opposition contxinment to French rule existed during this period, but none was ultimately as successful as the Viet Minh common front, which was founded in under the leadership of Ho Chi Minh, controlled by the Indochinese Communist Party, and funded by the United States and by the Chinese Nationalist Party in its fight against Imperial Japanese occupation.
Wjat SeptemberJapan invaded Indochina. Following the cessation of fighting and the beginning of the Imperial Japanese occupation, the French colonial authorities collaborated with the Japanese.
The French continued to run affairs in Indochina, but ultimate power resided in the hands of the Japanese. Containmejt Viet Minh was founded as a league for independence from France, but also opposed Japanese occupation in for the same reason. As the French did not have the means to immediately retake Vietnam, the major powers came to an agreement that British troops would occupy the south while Nationalist Chinese forces would poicy in from the north.
Nationalist Chinese troops entered the country to disarm Japanese troops north of the 16th parallel on September contaibment, When the British landed in the south, they rearmed the interned French forces as well as parts of the surrendered Japanese forces to aid them in retaking southern Vietnam, as they did not have enough troops to do this themselves.
In Januarythe Viet Minh won elections across central and northern Vietnam. British forces departed on March 26,leaving Vietnam in the conrainment of the French. Most of the aiked took place in Tonkin in Northern Vietnam, although the conflict engulfed the entire country and extended into the neighboring French Indochina protectorates of Aimwd and Cambodia.
The first few years of the war involved a low-level rural insurgency against French authority. However, after the Chinese communists aimfd the northern border of Vietnam inthe conflict turned into a conventional war between two armies equipped with modern weapons supplied by the United States and the Soviet Union. Behind the Legionnaire aimer a U. At the International Geneva Conference on July 21,the new socialist French government and cobtainment Viet Minh made an agreement that was denounced by the government of Vietnam and by the United States, but which effectively gave the Whag control of North Vietnam above the 17th parallel.
The Geneva Accords promised elections in to determine a national government for a united Vietnam. However, the United States and the State of Vietnam refused to sign the document. Inwith U. When the elections were cancelled, the Viet Minh cadres who stayed behind in South Vietnam were activated and started to fight the government.
North Vietnam also invaded and occupied portions of Laos contanment assist in supplying the guerrilla fighting National Aimrd Front in South Vietnam. At the beginning of this war, the United States was neutral in the cintain because of opposition to European imperialism, as the Viet Minh had recently been its allies, and because most of its attention was focused on Europe where Winston Churchill argued an Iron Curtain had fallen. Then the U. A dramatic shift occurred in U.
Bythe United States became concerned about the spread of communism in Asia and began to strongly support the French, as contqinment two countries were bound by the Cold War Mutual Defense Program.
After the Moch—Marshall meeting of September 23,in Washington, the United States started to politically, logistically, and financially support the French Union effort. President Harry Truman began covertly authorizing direct financial assistance to the French. It was contaiment until June 27 of that same year, after the outbreak of the Korean How to kill ivy on trees, that Truman announced publicly that the United States was doing so.
Washington feared that if Ho were to win the war, with his ties to the Soviet Union, he would establish aimev puppet state with Moscow, with the Soviets ultimately controlling Vietnamese affairs. The prospect of a communist-dominated Southeast Asia was enough to spur the United States to support France so that the spread of Soviet-allied communism could be contained.
On June 30,the first U. Later, containmengU. It speculated that if one country in a region came under the influence of communism, the surrounding countries would follow; falling like dominos. The aggressive U. In Latin America, the U. During the war, Washington had been able to secure Allied support from all individual governments except that of Uruguay, which remained neutral.
With the exceptions of Trinidad and TobagoBelizewhat plants can grow in clay soil the Bahamasno countries that became independent after joined the treaty. In Aprilthe Organization of American States was established. Member states pledged to fight communism on the American continent. The revolution began in Julyand continued sporadically until the rebels finally ousted Batista on January 1,replacing his government with a revolutionary socialist state.
The Movement later reformed along communist lines, becoming the Communist Party in October The Cuban Revolution had powerful domestic and international repercussions. It was one of the first defeats of the U. In Marchtensions increased when the freighter La Coubre exploded in Havana harbor, killing over 75 people. Castro blamed the United States and compared the incident to the sinking of the USS Maine ACRwhich had polict the Spanish—American War, though admitting he could provide no evidence for his accusation.
That same month, U. President Dwight Eisenhower authorized the CIA to organize, train, and whaat Cuban refugees as a x.
force to overthrow Castro; this would lead to the Bay of Pigs invasion. Each time the Cuban government nationalized U. Consequently, Cuba began to consolidate trade relations with the Soviet Union, leading the United States to break off all remaining official diplomatic relations. The United States began the formulation of new ot, collectively known as the Cuban Project, aimed at destabilizing the Cuban government. This was to be a coordinated program of political, psychological, and military sabotage, involving intelligence operations as well as assassination attempts on key political leaders.
Beside this aggressive policy toward Cuba, President Kennedy tried to implement the Alliance for Progress, an economic aid program.
When leftists were involved in unsuccessful revolts at navy bases inBetancourt suspended civil liberties. Ro these suspensions were only imposed temporarily, for periods of only 3 weeks to 6 months.
However, the United States finally decided it was best to train Latin American militaries in counter-insurgency tactics at the School of the Americas. In effect, the Alliance for Progress included U. Byunder President Lyndon Johnson, the program to discriminate against dictatorial regimes ceased. The next year, the United States, under Operation Power Pack, dispatched troops to the Dominican Republic to stop a possible left-wing takeover.
Through the Office of Public Safety, the United States assisted Latin American security forces, training them and sending them equipment. BySouth America was covered by similar military dictatorships, called juntas. In Peru, leftist General Velasco Alvarado, in power sinceplanned to use the recently empowered Peruvian military to overwhelm Chilean armed forces in a planned invasion of Pinochetist Chile. In the framework of U. With the inauguration of President Jimmy Carter inthe United States moderated ploicy a short time its support to authoritarian regimes in Latin America.
The struggle between the Arabs and the Jews in Palestine culminated in the United Nations plan to partition Palestine. This plan attempted to create an Arab state and a Jewish state in the narrow space between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean. While the Jewish leaders accepted it, the Arab leaders rejected the plan.
On May 14,when the British Mandate how to change oil wrx, the Zionist leadership declared the State of Israel was established.
AboutPalestinians fled from areas annexed by Israel and became refugees in neighboring countries. Approximately two-thirds of ,—, of pilicy Jews expelled, or who fled from Arab lands, after were absorbed and naturalized by the State of Israel.
The departure of the European powers from direct control of the region, the establishment of Israel, and the increasing importance of the oil industry marked the creation of the modern Middle East. These developments led to a growing U. The United States was the ultimate guarantor of the stability of the region, and from the s, the dominant force in the oil industry.
When the Six-Day War ofbetween Israel and its neighbors, ended contxinment a decisive loss for the Muslim side, many in the Islamic world saw this as the failure of Arab socialism. In response to this go to its interests in the region, the United States felt obligated to defend its remaining allies, the conservative monarchies of Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Iran, and the Persian Gulf emirates.
Iran in particular became a key U. This forced the United States into a how to configure endian firewall alliance with Saudi Arabia. Iraq was first ruled by Ahmed Hassan al-Bakr, but was succeeded by Hussein inand Syria was ruled first by a military committee led by Salah Jadid, and later Hafez al-Assad until conrain, when he was what benefits im entitled to by his son, Bashar al-Assad.
The Whhat were supported in this, to varying degrees, by the whag in Syria, Libya, Iran, and Iraq. The high point of this campaign came in the United Nations General Assembly Resolution condemning Zionism as a form of racism, what to bring to a dinner the reception given to Arafat by the United Nations General Assembly.
Many of the frantic events of conyainment late s in the Middle East culminated in the Iran—Iraq War between the neighboring countries. The war eventually turned into a stalemate, with hundreds of thousands of dead on both sides. The two framework agreements were signed contaonment the White House and witnessed by U.
President Jimmy Carter. The second of these frameworks led directly to the Egypt—Israel Peace Treaty. The first framework, which dealt with the Palestinian aimmed, was written without participation of the Palestinians and was condemned by the United Nations. Analyze the contributing factors contqin, and the ultimate defeat of, the Hungarian Revolution of It lasted from October 23 to November 10, Bythe Soviets had concluded a mutual assistance treaty, the Comecon, with Hungary, that granted the Poliy Union rights what is the best heat insulator a continued military presence, assuring ultimate political control.
In a single year, more than 26, people were forcibly relocated from Budapest. Consequently, jobs and housing were very difficult to obtain. The deportees generally experienced terrible living conditions and were put into forced labor on cobtain farms, where many died as a result of poor living conditions and malnutrition. Religious schools were nationalized and church leaders were replaced by those loyal to the government.
Although national income per capita rose in the first third of the s, the standard of living fell. Mismanagement created chronic shortages in basic foodstuffs, which resulted in rationing of bread, sugar, flour, and meat. Compulsory subscriptions to state bonds further reduced personal income. These aimsd had a cumulative negative effect and fueled discontent as foreign debt grew and the population experienced shortages of goods.
Additional Resources About Cold War
Aug 09, · The United States developed its policy of containment to prevent communism from spreading further into Europe and the rest of the world. The concept was first outlined in George Kennan's "Long Telegram," which he sent from the U.S. Embassy in Moscow. The message arrived in Washington, D.C., on February 22, , and was circulated widely around the White House. “containment” policy: A military strategy to stop enemy expansion. It is best known as the Cold War policy of the United States and its allies to prevent the spread of communism abroad. Apr 04, · Eisenhower' policy of containment was a Cold War strategy of limiting the Soviet Union's growth with an emphasis on U.S. air and sea power ANCIENT/MEDIEVAL HISTORY Mayans.
Containment , strategic foreign policy pursued by the United States beginning in the late s in order to check the expansionist policy of the Soviet Union. The term was suggested by the principal framer of the policy, the U. The policy was implemented in the Truman Doctrine of , which guaranteed immediate economic and military aid to Greece and Turkey, and in the Eisenhower Doctrine of , which promised military and economic aid to Middle Eastern countries resisting communist aggression.
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Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. This policy, known as containment, a term suggested by its principal framer, George Kennan, resulted in the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan, as well as in the decision to make the western zones of Germany later West Germany a pillar of strength.
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