Essay on Fire Accident | Causes & Effects
If fires approach or occur near towns or cities it often prompts a precautionary evacuation, as the direction fires may take are unpredictable. The most common causes of fires are lightning strikes, sparks during arid conditions, the eruption of volcanoes, and man-made fires arising from deliberate arson or accidents. Feb 05, · PRECAUTIONS AGAINST FIRE DISASTERS. 1. Avoid smoking in bed, and ensure that you douse your cigarettes in water before disposal so that they will not re-ignite. 2. Never leave cooking pots and pans unattended even for a short while. 3. Store hazardous materials such as flammable liquids and gases, paints and chemicals in safe places. 4.
CNN Disastre Amazon is burning -- and humans are likely to blame. More Videos Fires in Amazon rainforest rage at record rate. Military spokesman announces transitional president in Chad. Navalny disastdr warns he is in dire health.
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The end of an era has arrived in Cuba. Remembering the Bay of Pigs invasion, 60 years later. Eyewitnesses recount bloody crackdown in Wnat, Myanmar. Environmental organizations and researchers say the wildfires blazing in the Brazilian rainforest were set by cattle ranchers and loggers who want to clear and utilize the land, emboldened by the country's pro-business president.
He added that even during dry what year was jai brooks born, the Amazon -- a humid rainforest -- doesn't catch disasted fire easily, unlike the dry bushland in California or Australia. Farmers and ranchers have long used fire to clear land, said Poirier, and are likely behind the unusually large number fires burning in the Amazon today.
More than half are in the Amazon region, spelling disaster for the local environment and ecology. Read More. The disasrer can range from a small-scale agricultural practice, to new deforestation for a mechanized and modern agribusiness project, Setzer told CNN by email.
Fires are raging in the Amazon forest. Here's how you can help slow all rainforest loss. The environmental ministerRicardo Salles, tweeted on Wednesday that the fires were caused by dry weather, wind, and heat.
But CNN fier Haley Brink said the fires are "definitely human-induced," and can't be attributed to natural causes like lightning strikes. This year's fires fit into an established seasonal agricultural qhat, Brink said.
And that's what we're suspecting is going on down there. The peak of the dry season is still to come in September, she added. Compared to previous years, the destruction this year is "unprecedented," Poirier said.
In this Aug. Environmentalists are blaming Bolsonaro. Organizations, activists, and social media users worldwide have reacted to the news with alarm. PrayForTheAmazon and other variations of the hashtag are trending globally on Twitter, with hundreds of thousands of tweets. As images and news of the fire spread, many are demanding accountability from Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro.
When Bolsonaro was running for president, he made campaign promises to restore the economy by exploring the Amazon's economic potential. Now, environmental organizations say he has encouraged ranchers, farmers, and loggers to exploit and burn the rainforest like never before with a sense of impunity.
In a statement, Amazon Watch pointed to widespread local media what is an open source project that just last week, farmers had organized a coordinated "fire day" to burn land for agriculture, inspired by Bolsonaro's rhetoric.
Fires are "just the most visible symptom" of Bolsonaro's policies, and "reflect the irresponsibility of the president," said Observatorio do Clima Climate Observatory firw a statement on Wednesday.
Brazil's Amazon rainforest is burning at a record rate, research center says. And just weeks what are the causes of fire disaster, the director of INPE was fired after a spat with dissater president. Bolsonaro, who has previously said he is not "Captain Chainsaw" in reference to Amazon deforestation, has dismissed accusations of responsibility for the fires. On Wednesday, he disaste that the Amazon fires could have been caused by nonprofit organizations who are suffering from lack of funding, to "generate negative attention against me and against the Brazilian government.
Poirier warns that shrugging off the fires could embolden farmers to burn more and "land grabbers" to illegally occupy, parcel out, and resell plots of land to ranchers. There have previously been attempts to rein in these rainforest "mafia" -- but these attempted crackdowns are rare and often met with strong public opposition.
All the while, the Amazon veers toward potential disaster. We're looking at untold destruction — not just of if Amazon but for our entire planet.
Aug 22, · View of the devastation caused by a forest fire in the northern area of Brasilia's National Park (PNB), in Brasilia on August 30, spelling disaster for the local environment and ecology. An equally serious cause as identified by a study carried out in Pakistan on ‘Causes of Fire Emergencies’. 50% of fire disasters are caused by electric faults while 5% are caused by gas leakages (Navid, ). Apr 11, · Fire accidents are something very common these days. They occur due to various factors- mishandling, faulty connections, overheating, short circuiting leakage etc. Below are some of famous fire accident tragedies that occurred in India. These examples from the past and present can set a clear picture of how fire accidents have devastated lives: .
Wildfires are uncontrolled, rapidly spreading, and raging huge flames enhanced with wind action and firebrands that can wipe out an extensive forest or vegetation land area within minutes.
Wildfires are among forces of nature that cause huge devastation to humans and environment. According to the U. Fire service, more than wildfires occur every year, burning down approximately 7 million acres of land and destroying more than 26, structures. Central and local organizations work together to control tens of thousands of fires each year.
The U. That money is channeled to funding a brigade of firefighting forces including deployment of airplanes that drop water to cool the fires, drop phosphate fertilizer to slow down its spread and trucks to cut off the spread of fire. Wildfires are also referred to as bushfires, forest fires, woodland fires, grass fires, vegetation fires, and peat fires depending on the kind of vegetation being burnt.
They are unwanted, unpredictable and unplanned fires that occur in wildlands. Wildfires are so extreme that they can burn at a temperature more than 2, degrees Fahrenheit. That temperature is twice as hot as the surface of Venus.
The flames of wildfires have the capability to reach 50 meters high. Wildfires can grow big that they change the weather patterns of a given area. They also spread fast on the ground, moving twice as fast an average human can run. For a fire to start, three things must be present; oxygen, heat, and fuel. Foresters call this the fire triangle. Fire will spread towards the direction where there is plenty of one of these elements.
So, the only way to put out or control it is to significantly limit one of these three elements. The following are the main causes of wildfires decimating hectares of land every year:. Human acts of carelessness such as leaving campfires unattended and negligent discarding of cigarette butts result in wildfire disasters every year. Accidents, deliberate acts of arson, burning of debris, and fireworks are as well other substantial causes of wildfires. Below are the detailed elaborations of the human causes of wildfires.
Smoking: A worldwide study of smoking-related fire by epidemiologists reports that smoking is the leading cause of fires and deaths globally. There is an uncontrolled habit of people smoking while driving, walking or biking and after finishing they would just throw away the cigarette butt without completely putting it out.
Smokers at times become negligent at extinguishing the cigarettes butts after smoking. On few occasions, cigarette buds are not properly put out before being thrown away. These individuals have no idea where those buds will end up and most start fires. This kind of carelessness is what leads to wildfire disasters in many areas as the cigarette butt may end up starting a fire.
Unattended Campfires: Camping is a fascinating experience and I bet most people love camping as a way of connecting with nature and to experience some good time outdoors. However, during camping or outdoor activities people normally leave lit fires or combusting materials unattended to which can ignite wildfires. It is imperative for all lit fires and combusting materials to be totally extinguished after use to avoid wildfire disasters.
Humans sparked off about half of the 73, wildfires on wildlands in the United Sates in the period between and In that period, campfires contributed to one-third of the 33, human-instigated wildfires. Those wildfires decimated more than 1. These figures underscore the capability of campfires to start a huge wildfire. In this day and age, camping has become a big thing.
Individuals, both old and young want to get out of the busy, crowded and polluted cities and its environs to spend quality time in the woods and enjoy the natural wonders. Fire is needed when temperatures fall during camping. Campfire is able to start wildfires if not properly put out.
Burning Debris: Wastes and trash are on several occasions burned to ashes as a way of reducing the accumulation of rubbish. What is left after burning the waste matter or trash is debris that burns slowly. This slowly burning debris can potentially set anything ablaze and start a wildfire because of the heat.
Burning debris is common in remote areas to get rid of junk, refuse and yard waste. Most areas permit burning of such debris. Therefore lots of people tend to think of burning debris as the first option when they pile up. But in few instances, these fires start to spread and overwhelm the individuals and leads to massive fire outbreaks.
Some governments have stepped in to mitigate the situation by requiring individuals to obtain burn permits before combusting any debris. Fireworks: Fireworks are used by humans for various reasons such as celebrations, sending signals, or illuminating areas. Birthdays, Christmas, and New Year attract wild celebrations accompanied by fireworks.
However, their explosive nature can start wildfires. Only one stray spark can start a huge wildfire and decimate hundreds of acres and lead to serious injuries. Also, due to their slow burning rate, the remaining pieces can land in unintended places thereby starting a wildfire. Machinery Accidents: Machinery accidents such as the explosion of gas balloons and car crashes can ignite wildfires. The hot and explosive sparks from machinery accidents or engines can start huge forest or bush fires if the machines are operating within or adjacent to the forest or bush areas respectively.
Old outdated appliances, faulty electric outlets, extension cords, outdated wiring; space heaters can contribute to electric fires in homes when they go wrong. In fact, according to the U. Fire Administration, 28, fires are caused by electric appliances gone wrong each year. Most are accidental, but if not identified fast, they can result in widespread wildfires. Lawn mowers, car crashes, and gas balloons can also contribute to starting wildfires. Arson: Some people may intentionally set fire to destroy land, house or any other property.
A person responsible for this heinous act is known as an arsonist. As a result, arson has a dramatic effect on the risk of wildfires and can only be avoided if people desist from this kind of wicked behavior.
Relevant authorities must be informed as soon as arson acts are witnessed. Nevertheless, wildfires occurring as a result of natural causes vary from one region to another depending on the vegetation, weather, climate and topography. There are only two main natural causes which are lightning and volcanic eruptions.
Lightning: A fairly good number of wildfires are triggered by lightning. A lightning strike can produce a spark. Sometimes the lightening can strike power cables, trees, or rocks and any other thing and this can trigger off a fire. The type of lightning associated with wildfires is known as hot lightning.
It has less voltage currents but strikes repeatedly for longer periods. As such, fires are normally initiated by the persistent hot lightning bolts that strike rocks, trees, power cables or any other thing that might ignite a fire. The hot lava then flows into nearby fields or lands to start wildfires. Wildfires destroy the habitats and the intricate relationships of diverse flora and fauna leading to loss of ecosystems and biodiversity. Wildfires simply damage the habitable and adaptable land for specific animal and plant species.
It alters or kills the plant life features which support thousands of wildlife thereby forcing the animals out of the regions or even killing them.
Smaller and rare animals including birds, squirrels, insects, rabbits, and snakes are mainly at high risks of death, whereas some plant species are burnt to ashes. Besides, wildfires can even lead to extinction for certain animals. Wildfires can be so severe that they decimate the habits and critical relationships of plants and animals causing loss of ecosystem.
Most animals are able to detect oncoming fires and migrate early. Since plant life that supports life in the area is burnt down, animals have to look for habitats elsewhere. Forest fires such as the ones that commonly happen in dry tropical forests are a major cause of forest degradation. Whenever forest fires are experienced, thousands of acres of trees and vegetation cover are wiped out.
Almost every year, forests fires are witnessed across different forest regions which persistently reduce the quality of certain forest features like soil fertility, biodiversity, and ecosystems. We all know that living plant matter purifies the atmospheric air we depend on for respiration.
They achieve this by taking in carbon dioxide, greenhouse gases , and air impurities and later give off oxygen. When plant life is exterminated by fires, the quality of air we breathe in declines and greenhouse gasses increase in the atmosphere leading to climate change and global warming. In addition, the huge clouds of smoke instigated by wildfires lead to massive air pollution. Trees and vegetation covers act as purifiers of the air we breathe by absorbing carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases as well as other air impurities and gives out oxygen.
When they are burned down, it means more greenhouse gases increases in the atmosphere, resulting in global warming. Furthermore, huge amounts of smoke and dust are discharged into the atmosphere, causing air pollution.
Forest soils are loaded with nutrients emanating from decaying forest debris. Forest soils also consist of numerous natural features that support a plethora of life forms and organic activities. Wildfires also kill beneficial soil microorganisms that are responsible for breaking down the soil and promoting soil microbial activities. The burning of trees and vegetation cover also leaves the soil bare making it readily vulnerable to soil erosion. The high temperature caused by wildfires destroys almost the entire nutritive value of the soil.
Many have witnessed firefighters battling wildfire on TV. This could give you a rough idea of the damage wildfires can cause to the vegetation and wildlife. Wildfires devastate everything in their path including property.
On top of that, local authorities spend millions of dollars to put out or control the fire.