Recognizing the Early Signs of Osteoporosis
The appearance of a widow's hump or a fractured wrist or hip from a fall may be the first actual symptoms of osteoporosis unless your doctor has been measuring your bone density. Men also should watch for a loss of height, change in posture or sudden back pain. Sep 10, †Ј Other osteoporosis symptoms and signs Back Pain Fractures Loss of Height Neck Pain Stooped Posture.
Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle Ч so brittle that a fall or even mild stresses such as bending over or coughing can cause a fracture. Osteoporosis-related fractures most commonly occur in the hip, wrist or spine. Bone is living tissue that is constantly being broken down and replaced. Osteoporosis occurs when the creation of new bone doesn't keep up with the loss of old bone.
Osteoporosis affects men and women of all races. But white and Asian women Ч especially older women who are past menopause Ч are at highest risk. Medications, healthy diet and weight-bearing exercise can help prevent bone loss or strengthen already weak bones. There typically are no symptoms in the early stages of bone loss.
But once your bones have been weakened by osteoporosis, you might have signs and symptoms that include:. You might want to talk to your doctor about osteoporosis if you went through early menopause or took corticosteroids for several months at a time, or if either of your parents had hip fractures.
Normal bone has the appearance of a honeycomb matrix top. Under a microscope, osteoporotic bone bottom looks more porous. What happened during the war bones are in a constant state of renewal Ч new bone is made and old bone is broken down. When you're young, your body makes new bone faster than it breaks down old bone and your bone mass increases. After the early 20s this process slows, and most people reach their peak bone mass by age How soon to do pregnancy test after intercourse people age, bone mass is lost faster than it's created.
How likely you are to develop osteoporosis depends partly on how much bone mass you attained in your youth. Peak bone mass is somewhat inherited and varies also by ethnic group.
The higher your peak bone mass, the more bone you have "in the bank" and the less likely you are to develop osteoporosis as you age. A number of factors can increase the likelihood that you'll develop osteoporosis Ч including your age, race, lifestyle what is mescaline derived from, and medical conditions and treatments. Osteoporosis is more common in people who have too much or too little of certain hormones in their bodies.
Examples include:. Sex hormones. Lowered sex hormone levels tend to weaken bone. The reduction of estrogen levels in women at menopause is one of the strongest risk factors for developing osteoporosis. Men have a gradual reduction in testosterone levels as they age. Treatments for prostate cancer that reduce testosterone levels in men and treatments for breast cancer that reduce estrogen levels in women are likely to accelerate bone loss. Long-term use of oral or injected corticosteroid medications, such as prednisone and cortisone, interferes with the bone-rebuilding process.
Osteoporosis has also been associated with medications used to combat or prevent:. The bones that make up your spine vertebrae can weaken to the point that they crumple, which may result in back pain, lost height and a hunched posture.
Bone fractures, particularly in the spine or hip, are the most serious complications of osteoporosis. Hip fractures often are caused by a fall and can result in disability and even an increased risk of death within the first year after the injury. In some cases, spinal fractures can occur even if you haven't fallen. The bones that make up your spine vertebrae can weaken to the point of crumpling, which can result in back pain, lost height and a hunched forward posture.
Good nutrition and how to get rid of mice natural methods exercise are essential for keeping your bones healthy throughout your life. Protein is one of the building blocks of bone. However, there's conflicting evidence about the impact of protein intake on bone density.
Most people get plenty of protein in their diets, but some do not. Vegetarians and vegans can get enough protein in the diet if they intentionally seek suitable sources, such as soy, nuts, legumes, seeds for vegans and vegetarians, and dairy and eggs for vegetarians. Older adults might eat less protein for various reasons.
If how to make bunny ear napkins think you're not getting enough protein, ask your doctor if supplementation is an option. Being underweight increases the chance of bone loss and fractures. Excess weight is now known to increase the risk of fractures in your arm and wrist.
As such, maintaining an appropriate body weight is good for bones just as it is for health in general. Men and women between the ages of 18 how to setup airport extreme on pc 50 need 1, milligrams of calcium a day.
This daily amount increases to 1, milligrams when women turn 50 and men turn If you find it difficult to get enough calcium from your diet, consider taking calcium supplements.
However, too much calcium has been linked to kidney stones. Although yet unclear, some experts suggest that too much calcium especially in supplements can increase the risk of heart disease. The Health and Medicine Division of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine formerly the Institute of Medicine recommends that total calcium intake, from supplements and diet combined, should be no more than 2, milligrams daily for people older than Vitamin D improves your body's ability to absorb calcium and improves bone health in other ways.
People can get some of their vitamin D from sunlight, but this might not be a good source if you live in a high latitude, if you're housebound, or if you regularly use sunscreen or avoid the sun because of the risk of skin cancer.
To get enough vitamin D to maintain bone health, it's recommended that adults ages 51 to 70 get international units IU and IU a day after age 70 through food or supplements.
People without other sources of vitamin D and especially with limited sun exposure might need a supplement. Most multivitamin products contain between and IU of vitamin D. Up to 4, IU of vitamin D a day is safe for most people. Exercise can help you build strong bones and slow bone loss. Exercise will benefit your bones no matter when you start, but you'll gain the most benefits if you start exercising regularly when you're young and continue to exercise throughout your life.
Combine strength training exercises with weight-bearing and balance exercises. Strength what foods to eat when you feel bloated helps strengthen muscles and bones in your what new electronic store jamaica and upper spine.
Weight-bearing exercises Ч such as walking, jogging, running, stair climbing, skipping rope, skiing and impact-producing sports Ч affect mainly the bones in your legs, hips and lower spine. Balance exercises such as tai chi can reduce your risk of falling especially as you get how to make a water dropper. Swimming, cycling and exercising on machines such as elliptical trainers can provide a good cardiovascular workout, but they don't improve bone health.
Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Don't delay your care at Mayo Clinic Schedule your appointment now for safe in-person care. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Osteoporosis causes bones to become weak and brittle Ч so brittle that a fall or even mild stresses such as bending over or coughing can cause a fracture.
Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic. Osteoporosis weakens bone Open pop-up dialog box Close. Osteoporosis weakens bone Normal bone has the appearance of a honeycomb matrix top. Compression fractures Open pop-up dialog box Close. Compression fractures The bones that make up your spine vertebrae can weaken to the point that they crumple, which may result in back pain, lost height and a hunched posture.
More Information Exercising with osteoporosis How to keep your bones strong Osteoporosis and nutrition: 5 key steps. Share on: Facebook Twitter.
Show references Osteoporosis overview. Accessed May 23, Goldman L, et al. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. Philadelphia, Pa. Rosen HN, et al. Overview of the management of osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. Accessed May Merck Manual Professional Version. Frequently asked questions. Women's health FAQ American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
Rosen HN. Risks of bisphosphonate therapy in patients with osteoporosis. Morrison RS, et al. Hip fracture in adults: Epidemiology and medical management.
Accessed May 24, Vitamin D fact sheet for health professionals. Calcium fact sheet for health professionals. Shams-White MM, et al.
Dietary protein and bone health: A systematic review and meta-analysis from the National Osteoporosis Foundation. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Iwaniec UT, et al.
Do you have signs of early osteoporosis?
Jul 19, †Ј What Do You Want to Know About Osteoporosis? Age. The biggest risk factor of osteoporosis is age. Throughout your life, your body breaks down old bone and grows new bone. However, when youТre in Menopause. Testosterone. Hormone therapy. Raloxifene (Evista) Author: Debra Stang.
Osteoporosis is a medical condition in which the bones of the body become extremely weak and brittle predisposing the individual to fractures. Osteoporosis is seen more in females above the age of 30, but males also tend to have this condition.
It is extremely important especially for females to understand the importance of having strong bones, but the question arises that how do we know whether we have strong bones or not? This is done by a test called as a bone density test which checks the bone mineral density of an individual and if the score is less then it signifies that the bones of that particular individual is weak and the individual is osteoporotic.
One question that most individuals who are at risk for developing osteoporosis ask is whether there are any early warning signs for osteoporosis. This article gives an insight as to the early signs of osteoporosis. It is important to remain active as much as possible so as to maintain a good fitness level, have a good diet and exercise regimen that they should follow on a consistent basis so as to maintain healthy muscles and bones and keep osteoporosis at bay.
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