7 Important Functions of Family (1698 Words)
Feb 20, · The primary function of the family is to ensure the continuation of society, both biologically through procreation, and socially through socialization. Given these functions, the nature of one’s role in the family changes over usloveescort.comted Reading Time: 3 mins. According to a sociological perspective, the major function of a family is to ensure that society continues through procreation. It is important to remember that not all families want to have children, or are able to have usloveescort.com: Gabrielle Applebury.
The functions which are form 1099 what is it in nature and which cannot be performed successfully by any other institutions are called primary essential functions of family. Under this category the family performs the following function:. This is the Primary and essential function of family.
Sex instinct is the natural urge of human being. The satisfaction of this need requires that both male and female should live together as life partners. It is the family where the husband and wife can satisfy their sex instincts easily and comfortably. Without family the functiion of sex need is almost socially quite impossible. A family not only satisfies but also provides the appropriate mechanism through marriage to regulate sexual behavior of husband and wife.
Reproduction or procreation is another essential function of family. The family along with regulating the sexual behavior in relation to the satisfaction of sexual needs secures a legitimate basis for procreation. Since the inception of family, it has been performing this fundamental function.
This function of family contributes to the continuity of family and ultimately perpetuates the human race as a whole. Protection what ovens do chefs use at home care of the children is another essential function of family.
It is regarded as an institution par excellence for the production and rearing of children. It is true that no other institution can take required care of the child like family. The child at birth is complete helpless and cannot survive at all without the help of the family.
It is the family which provides care, protection, security Physical, mental and fulfills all other needs to make him fit in the society. Family is one of the primary agents of socialization. Family members teach the child the norms, value morals, beliefs and ideals of society. In the family the children first learn what is good what is a goodwill outlet bad, what is right and wrong.
They develop specific habits, traits of character, attitudes and values. The senior members of the family pass the family culture to functiln new generation thought socialization process. Thus, family acts an instrument of culture transmission.
Family makes a provision of a home or a common habitation for its members. Here both husband and if live together for procreation, protection and care of the tne. It is a place of multifarious activities. All the lf of the family depend on home for comfort, protection and peace.
It is that institution which provides the mental or the emotional satisfaction. Funftion of the family exchange their love, sympathy and affection among themselves. Related posts: What are the essential functions performed by a family?
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Essential Functions of Family
The political functions of a family are important in smaller societies where the head of the family has the power to take decisions on behalf of other members regarding social, religious and political usloveescort.comted Reading Time: 7 mins. Jun 04, · The family performs several essential functions for society. It socializes children, it provides emotional and practical support for its members, it helps regulate sexual activity and sexual reproduction, and it provides its members with a social identity. Also, what are the 6 functions of the family? 6 Universal Functions of the Family.
Family is the most universal and fundamental social institution which performs a variety of functions in human society. Different sociologists have viewed or classified the functions of family into different types. Image Courtesy : thecommongrounds. Famous Sociologists like Ogburn and Nimkoff have classified functions of family mainly into six types such as:. Another famous sociologist K. Davis have classified the functions of family into four main divisions such as i Reproduction ii Maintenance iii Placement and iv Socialization of the young.
Davis calls these as social functions and opines that family also performs some individual functions which are a corollary of its social functions. Similarly Prof. Lundberg enumerated four basic functions of family such as. Similarly Reed classified functions of family into following four types such as i Race Perpetuation ii Satisfaction of sex needs iii Socialization and iv Economic functions.
But famous Sociologist Maclver classified the functions of family into two broad categories such as essential and non-essential functions. These two functions are also widely known as primary and secondary functions. Under essential or primary functions Maclver includes mainly three functions such as i stable satisfaction of sex needs ii production and rearing of children and iii provision of a home. Under non-essential or secondary functions he includes religious, recreational, educational, economic and health related functions.
But one thing is clear that though sociologists have classified the functions of family into different forms still all of them gives stress on the same aspects in a different manner.
However, these different functions of family are as described below:. Maclver has divided functions of family into essential and non-essential types. Under essential functions he includes mainly three functions such as, stable satisfaction of sex needs, production and rearing of children and a provision of home.
But besides these Maclverian functions of family, family may also perform some other essential functions. But it must be remembered that essential functions are those functions which are basic or fundamental in nature and no other institutions can perform these functions so successfully as family can. However family performs the following essential functions:. This is the most important essential function of family. Family has been performing this functions since the inceptions of human civilization.
It is a well known fact that sex urge is the most important and powerful instinct and natural urge of human being. It is the primary duty of family to satisfy the sexual urge of its members in a stable and desirable way.
Image Courtesy : upload. Because satisfaction of sex instinct brings the desire for life long partnership of husband and wife. Satisfaction of this sex needs in a desirable way helps in the normal development of personality.
Ancient Hindu Philosopher Manu and Vatsayan opines that satisfaction of sex needs is the primary objective of family. If it is suppressed it creates personality maladjustments.
It is another important sectional function of family. Necessary arrangement of stable satisfaction of sexual urge resulted in procreation. Family provides the legitimate basis for production of children. It institutionalizes the process of procreation. By performing this function of procreation family contributes to the continuity of family and ultimately human race. Hence perpetuation of human race or society is the most important function of family.
Not only the production of children but also child rearing is another important function of family. Family is the only place where the function of child rearing is better performed. Image Courtesy : ourwayit. It is only in a home that children are born and brought up. Even if children are born in hospitals in modern time still they are taken care of and properly nourished in a home only.
Because family and a home have no substitute. Image Courtesy : yourarticlelibrary. All the members need a home to live happily with comfort, peace and protection. In a home family performs the role of a modern club. Man got peace by living in a home.
It is another important essential function of family. It is said man is not born human but made human. New born human baby became human being after they are socialized. Family plays an important role in the socialization process. Image Courtesy : dumplingsphotography. It is one of the primary agents of socialization. Living in a family human baby learns norms, values, morals and ideals of society. He learns culture and acquires character through the process of socialization.
His personality develops in the course of his living in family. From family he learns what is right and wrong and what is good or bad. Through socialization he became a social man and acquires good character. Famous Sociologist Maclver has divided functions into essential and non-essential functions. Under non-essential or secondary functions he includes economic, religious, educational, health and recreational functions.
Along with the essential functions family also performs these non-essential functions. These functions are non-essential or secondary in the sense that these are also performed simultaneously by other social institutions in family. These functions are as follows:. Since ancient times family has been performing several economic functions. It is an important economic unit. In ancient time family was both a production and consumption unit. In the then days family was self- sufficient.
But now a days almost all the economic functions of family is performed by other agencies and family only remain as a consumption unit. It do not produce anything. All the members of family now working outside the home.
But in spite of all family still performing some economic functions of purchasing, protecting and maintaining property. Mother act as the first and best teacher of a child. Besides he learns all sorts of informal education such as discipline, obedience, manners etc. Of course at present many of the educational functions of family are taken over by school, college and universities sill family continues to play an important role in providing the first lessons and primary education to its members.
Family is the centre of all religious activities. All the family members offer their prayers together and observe different religious rites, rituals and practices jointly. All the members believe in a particular religion and observe religious ceremonies at home. Children learn different religious values from their parents. Living in a spiritual atmosphere spirituality develops among the children. Family transmits religious beliefs and practices from one generation to another.
But at present family became more secular in their outlook. Common family worship became very rare and absolute. Still family continues to play an important role in shaping religious attitude of its members. Family as a primary social group performs several health related functions for its members. It look after the health and vigor of its members. It takes care of the sick old and aged persons of the family.
By providing necessary nutritive food to its members family takes care of the health of all. Of course modern family delegates some of its health related functions to hospital. The child is born today in a hospital or in a clinic and taken care of by nurses.
In ancient period family was the only centre of recreation. All the members together organize family feasts, visit the family relations, organize family picnics etc. Image Courtesy : boston. Family organize different festivals which is another source of recreation. The relationship between grandparents and grand children is another source of entertainment.
Of course modern club replaces many recreational functions of family. But at the same time it is said that present family acts as a modern club without its evil effects. Family also performs several cultural functions as well. It preserves different cultural traits. Man learns and acquires culture from family and transmits it to succeeding generations.
That is why family is considered as centre of culture.