Georgia State Flag
Feb 19, · Meaning of the Flag The state flag of Georgia features a design that represents the laws and values of the state. The flag features the national colors of the United States. In the canton is the state’s coat of arms. Jan 24, · U.S. state flag consisting of a striped red-white-red field (background) with a blue canton containing the state coat of arms surrounded by a circle of 13 white stars. The flag’s width-to-length ratio is 3 to 5.
Flag of Georgia image provided how to make ear pads Georgia. Georgia adopted a new state flag in Georgia's current flag has three bars of equal width - two outer red bars and a white bar in the center. There is a square blue canton the width of two bars in the upper left corner.
All State Flags. Georgia's coat of arms is centered on the canton with the words "In God We Trust" below both in gold. The state coat of arms is also the central design on the obverse [main face] of Georgia's state seal. Circling the coat of arms are thirteen white stars symbols of Georgia and the other twelve original states that formed the United States of America.
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State Wildflower. Flag of Georgia Georgia State Flag. Official State Flag of Georgia Georgia adopted a new state flag in Georgia leads the nation in the number and variety of different state flags it has flown. Georgia Symbols: georgia. Georgia State Flag c. Georgia State Flag image downloads: Georgia. All Categories of State Symbols. Edit Flag of Georgia Page.
Official State Flag of Georgia. Georgia adopted a new state flag in Georgia's current flag has three bars of equal width - two outer red bars and a white bar in the center. There is a square blue canton the width of two bars in the upper left corner. All State Flags. Georgia's coat of arms is centered on the canton with the words "In God.
The current flag of Georgia was adopted on May 8, The flag bears three stripes consisting of red-white-red, featuring a blue canton containing a ring of 13 white stars encompassing the state's coat of arms in gold. In the coat of arms, the arch symbolizes the state's constitution while the pillars represent the three branches of government. The words of the state motto, "Wisdom, Justice, and Moderation", are wrapped around the pillars, guarded by a male figure dressed in colonial attire from the American Revolutionary War.
Within the arms, a sword is drawn to represent the defense of the state's constitution with an additional motto, In God We Trust , featured below these elements. The ring of stars that encompass the state's coat of arms represents Georgia as one of the original Thirteen Colonies.
The Georgia Code of required that militia regiments and battalions detailed for service outside of Georgia be provided with regimental colors "bearing the arms of the State. The flag was introduced by Georgia state senator Herman H. Perry and was adopted to memorialize Confederate soldiers during the American Civil War. The original design featured a solid blue band with no additional emblems. A amendment to the state militia laws added the state's coat of arms to the blue band, though a research report by the Georgia Senate states that researchers were not aware of any surviving flags depicting the coat of arms directly on the blue band, suggesting that no such flag was ever actually produced.
Examples of this modified version were discovered by the Senate researchers. Some flag manufacturers included the year in the coat of arms, as in the state seal; the seal had been adopted in that year.
In , the General Assembly changed the year to , the year the United States Declaration of Independence was signed. At some point, the coat of arms began to be replaced with the state seal. The Senate report indicates this happened sometime in the s or s, and may have been connected to the change in the state seal's date and the need to conform newly produced flags to that change.
Signed into law on February 13, , the bill became effective the following July 1. A copy of the new flag displayed at the signing ceremony shows slight differences from the state flag commonly produced and shown here.
In the version, the stars are larger, and only the center point of the central star points straight up. Also, the first copies of the flag used a different version of the state seal. The Georgia State Seal was the state seal seen on these early examples. This is the seal seen on all later Design Georgia State Flags.
In the summer of , a new redrawn state seal began to appear on state government documents. By the end of the decade, flag makers were using the new seal on Georgia's official state flags.
The flag was adopted in an era when the Georgia General Assembly "was entirely devoted to passing legislation that would preserve segregation and white supremacy", according to a research report by the Georgia Senate. There are few, if any, written records of what was said on the Georgia House and Senate floors when the flag bill was being introduced and passed by the Georgia legislature, nor does Georgia law provide for a statement of legislative intent when a bill is introduced, although former U.
Board of Education The report states that the people who had supported the flag's change in the s said, in recalling the event years later, that "the change was made in preparation for the Civil War centennial, which was five years away; or that the change was made to commemorate and pay tribute to the Confederate veterans of the Civil War. At the time, opposition to changing the flag came from various sides, including from Confederate historical groups like the United Daughters of the Confederacy UDC.
Opponents to a change of the flag stated that incorporating the Confederate battle flag into the design would be too sectionalist, counterproductive, and divisive, saying that people should show patriotism towards the United States rather than the defunct Confederacy, referring to the U. Pledge of Allegiance , which states that the U. The Georgia senate report and other critics have interpreted the adoption of the flag as a symbol of racist protest, citing legislation passed in which included bills rejecting Brown v.
Board of Education and pro-segregationist comments by then-Governor Marvin Griffin , such as "The rest of the nation is looking to Georgia for the lead in segregation. Political pressure for a change in the official state flag increased during the s, in particular during the run-up to the Olympic Games that were held in Atlanta. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACP focused on the Georgia flag as a major issue and some business leaders in Georgia felt that the perceptions of the flag were causing economic harm to the state.
In , Governor Zell Miller announced his intention to get the Confederate element removed, but the state legislature refused to pass any flag-modifying legislation. The matter was dropped after the legislative session. Miller's successor as governor, Roy Barnes , responded to the increasing calls for a new state flag, and in hurried a replacement through the Georgia General Assembly.
His new flag, designed by architect Cecil Alexander , sought a compromise, by featuring small versions of some but not all of Georgia's former flags, including the controversial flag, under the words "Georgia's History. In a survey on state and provincial flags in North America conducted by the North American Vexillological Association , the redesigned Georgia flag was ranked the worst by a wide margin.
The group stated that the flag "violates all the principles of good flag design. There was widespread opposition to the new flag, deemed the "Barnes rag". In , Sonny Perdue was elected Governor of Georgia , partially on a platform of allowing Georgians to choose their own flag in a state referendum.
He authorized the Georgia legislature to draft a new flag in The Georgia General Assembly's proposed flag combined elements of Georgia's previous flags, creating a composition that was inspired by the First National Flag of the Confederacy , the Stars and Bars, rather than the Confederate Battle Flag. Perdue signed the legislation into law on May 8, The flag legislation also authorized a public referendum on which of the two most recent flags the and versions would be adopted as the flag of the state; the flag was not an option.
The referendum took place during the state's March 2, presidential primary election. If the flag was rejected, the pre design would have been put to a vote. I pledge allegiance to the Georgia Flag and to the principles for which it stands: Wisdom, Justice, and Moderation.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Flag of the state of Georgia, United States. For the flag of the nation-state, see Flag of Georgia country. Georgia U. Galileo - University System of Georgia. Retrieved December 2, New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved May 15, Prepared by R. Clarke , T. Cobb and D. Atlanta, Georgia: John H. LCCN OCLC OL M — via Internet Archive.
Senate Research Office. State of Georgia: State of Georgia. Archived from the original PDF on December 4, Retrieved December 4, Luke's Press]. Gretna: Pelican Publishing Company. ISBN JSTOR S2CID This white racist resistance to civil rights reform was pervasive, vitriolic, hateful, and sporadically violent. It was also unquestionably the sole motivation of the bigoted demagogues who in replaced the Stars and Bars, the official flag of the Confederacy, in the Georgia State flag with the more familiar Confederate battle flag as a gesture of defiance in the face of the federal government's initial enforcement of Brown vs.
For black and white Southerners alike, there was no mistaking the ugly racist message of that new state flag, or of the Confederate battle flag hoisted over the South Carolina Capitol, or, for that matter, of the frenzied waving of Confederate flags at University of Mississippi football games. Miller decision denying injunction against Governor of Georgia and the Sons of Confederate Veterans for flying the Georgia state flag.
Accessed online November 21, United States House of Representatives. Archived from the original on April 12, Retrieved April 12, Accessed online December 16, Flags of the World. Retrieved July 6, Retrieved April 13, Savannah Morning News. Retrieved August 2, Michael Georgia Historical Quarterly.
Secretary of State of Georgia. Archived from the original on September 16, Retrieved September 17, USA Today. Associated Press. April 4, Retrieved October 7, State of Georgia. July 7,