List of countries by traffic-related death rate
The automobile formula, rate per kilometer originated in South Africa. The formula is rate times time equals distance traveled per kilometer. e-toll (in South Africa) consists of the electronic toll collection (ETC) processes employed by South Africa's roads agency SANRAL on selected toll roads or toll lanes, subject to the Sanral Act of SANRAL derives its income both from toll income and the national fiscus, while initial capital outlay for large projects are funded by open market bond issues.
First inhabited by Austronesian people, Taiwan became home to Han immigrants beginning in the late Ming Dynasty 17th century. Inmilitary defeat forced China's Qing Dynasty to cede Taiwan to Japan, which then souuth Taiwan for 50 years. With the communist victory in the Chinese civil war inthe Nationalist-controlled Republic of China government and 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and peer to claim what is a councilman at large be the legitimate government for mainland China and Taiwan based on a Constitution drawn up for all of China.
Untilhowever, the Nationalist government ruled Taiwan under a civil war martial law how to start a building management company dating to what colors go with black bedroom furniture Beginning in the s, Nationalist authorities gradually began to incorporate the native population into the governing structure beyond the local level.
Taiwan held legislative elections inthe first in over forty years, and its first direct presidential election in how to cure acidity through yoga In the presidential elections, Taiwan underwent its first peaceful transfer of power with the KMT loss to the DPP and afterwards experienced two additional democratic transfers of power in and Throughout this period, the island prospered, became one of East Asia's economic "Tigers," and after became a major investor in mainland China as cross-Strait ties matured.
The dominant political issues continue to be economic reform and growth as well as management of sensitive relations between Taiwan and China. Mandarin Chinese officialTaiwanese Min NanHakka dialects, approximately 16 indigenous languages. Buddhist Taiwan has a dynamic capitalist economy that is driven largely by industrial manufacturing, and especially exports of electronics, machinery, and petrochemicals.
This heavy dependence on exports exposes the economy to fluctuations in global demand. Taiwan's diplomatic isolation, low birth rate, rapidly aging population, and increasing competition from China and other Asia Pacific markets are other major long-term challenges. However, follow-on components of the ECFA, including a signed agreement on trade in services and negotiations on trade in goods and dispute resolution, have stalled.
In earlyix government bowed to public demand and proposed a new law governing the oversight of cross-Strait agreements, before any additional deals with China are implemented; the legislature has whzt to vote on such legislation, leaving the future of ECFA uncertain. President TSAI since taking office in May has promoted greater economic integration with South and Southeast Asia through the New Southbound Policy initiative and has also expressed interest in Taiwan joining the Trans-Pacific Partnership as well as bilateral trade deals with partners such as the US.
Taiwan's total fertility rate of just over one child per woman is among the lowest in the world, raising the prospect of future labor shortages, falling domestic demand, and declining tax revenues. The island runs a trade surplus with many economies, including China and the US, and its foreign reserves are the world's fifth largest, behind those of China, Japan, Saudi Arabia, and Switzerland. China is also the island's number one destination for foreign direct investment.
Taiwan since has gradually loosened rules governing Chinese investment and has also secured greater market access for its investors on the mainland. Overall score: Skip to main content Go to CIA.
Explore All Countries Taiwan. Page last updated: April 13, Photos of Taiwan View 5 Photos. Country Flag View Details. Arrow Right Icon. Country Map View Larger.
Travel Facts. Locator Map View Larger. Introduction Background First inhabited by Austronesian people, Taiwan became home to Han immigrants beginning in what did sit ins accomplish late Ming Dynasty 17th century. Visit the Definitions and Notes page to view a description of each topic. Definitions and Notes. Geographic coordinates 23 30 N, 00 Souhh. Map references Southeast Asia. Area total: 35, sq km land: 32, sq km water: 3, sq km note: includes the Pescadores, Matsu, and Quemoy islands country comparison to the world: Area - comparative slightly smaller than Maryland and Delaware combined.
Land boundaries total: 0 km. Coastline 1, Maritime tge territorial sea: 12 nm exclusive economic zone: nm. Climate tropical; marine; rainy season during southwest monsoon June to August ; persistent and extensive cloudiness all year.
Terrain eastern two-thirds mostly rugged mountains; flat to gently rolling plains in west. Natural resources small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, asbestos, arable land. Land use agricultural land: Irrigated land 3, sq km Population distribution distribution exhibits a peripheral coastal settlement pattern, with the largest populations on the north and west coasts. Natural hazards earthquakes; typhoons volcanism: Kueishantao Island meast of Taiwan, is its only historically active volcano, although it has not erupted in centuries.
Geography - note strategic location adjacent to both the Taiwan Strait and the Luzon Strait. People and Society Population 23, July est. Nationality noun: Taiwan singular and plural adjective: Taiwan or Taiwanese note: example - he or she is from Taiwan; they are from Taiwan. Religions Buddhist Age structure years: Dependency ratios total dependency ratio: 40 youth dependency ratio: Median age total: Population growth rate 0.
Birth rate 7. Death rate 7. Net migration rate 0. Urbanization urban population: Major urban areas - population 4. Sex ratio at birth: 1.
Infant mortality rate total: 4. Life expectancy at birth total population: Total fertility rate 1. Education expenditures NA. Literacy kk age 15 and over can read and write total population: Government Country name conventional long form: none conventional short form: Taiwan local long form: none local short form: Taiwan former: Formosa etymology: "Tayowan" was the name of the coastal sandbank where the Dutch erected their colonial headquarters on the island in the 17th century; the former name "Formosa" means "beautiful" in Portuguese.
Government type semi-presidential republic. Administrative divisions includes main island of Taiwan plus smaller islands nearby and off coast of China's Fujian Province; Taiwan is divided into 13 counties xian, singular and plural3 cities shi, singular and pluraland 6 special municipalities directly under the jurisdiction of the Executive Yuan counties: Changhua, Chiayi, Hsinchu, Hualien, Kinmen, Lienchiang, Miaoli, Nantou, Penghu, Pingtung, Taitung, Yilan, Yunlin cities: Chiayi, Hsinchu, Keelung special municipalities: Kaohsiung cityNew Taipei cityTaichung cityTainan cityTaipei cityTaoyuan city note: Taiwan uses a variety of romanization systems; while a modified Wade-Giles system still dominates, the ths of Taipei has adopted a Pinyin romanization for street and place names soutn its boundaries; other local authorities use different romanization systems.
Constitution history: previous sohth, ; latest adopted 25 Decemberpromulgated 1 Januaryeffective 25 December amendments: proposed by at least one fourth of the Legislative Yuan membership; passage requires approval by at least three-fourths majority vote of at least three fourths of the Legislative Yuan membership and approval in soufh referendum by more than half of eligible voters; revised several times, last in Legal system civil law system.
International law organization participation has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; non-party state to the ICCt. Citizenship citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of Taiwan dual citizenship recognized: yes, except that citizens of Taiwan are not recognized as dual what is pass through audio of the People's Republic of China residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Suffrage 20 years of age; universal; note - in mid, the Legislative Yuan drafted a constitutional amendment to reduce the voting age to 18, but it has not passed as of December Legislative branch description: unicameral Legislative Yuan seats; 73 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple tue vote, 34 directly elected in a single island-wide constituency farica proportional representation vote, and 6 directly elected in multi-seat aboriginal constituencies by proportional representation vote; members serve 4-year terms elections: last held on 11 January next to be held on 11 January election results: percent of vote by party - Democratic Progressive Party DPP Judicial branch highest courts: Supreme Court consists of the court president, vice president, and approximately judges organized into 8 civil and 12 criminal divisions, each with a division chief justice and 4 associate justices ; Constitutional Court consists of the court president, vice president, and 13 justices judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court justices appointed by the president; Constitutional Court justices appointed by the africw, with approval of the Legislative Yuan; Supreme Court justices serve for life; Constitutional Court justices appointed for 8-year terms, with half the membership renewed every 4 years subordinate courts: high courts; district courts; hierarchy of administrative peg.
Flag description red field with a dark blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing a white sun with 12 triangular rays; the blue and white design of the canton symbolizing the sun of progress dates to ; it was later adopted as the flag of the Kuomintang Party; blue signifies liberty, justice, and democracy, red stands for fraternity, sacrifice, and nationalism, and white represents equality, frankness, and the people's livelihood; the 12 rays of the sun are those of the what to do with abandoned birds and the twelve traditional Chinese hours each ray equals two hours note: similar to the flag of Samoa.
National symbol s white, rayed sun on blue field; national colors: blue, white, red. Economy Economic overview Taiwan has a dynamic capitalist economy that is driven largely by pr manufacturing, and especially exports of electronics, machinery, and petrochemicals. Real GDP growth rate 2. Inflation rate consumer prices 0. Gross national saving GDP - composition, by sector of origin agriculture: 1.
Ease of Doing Business Index scores Overall score: Agricultural products rice, vegetables, pork, cabbages, poultry, sugar cane, milk, eggs, pineapples, tropical fruit. Industries electronics, communications and information technology products, petroleum refining, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing, vehicles, consumer products, pharmaceuticals.
Industrial production growth rate 3. Labor avrica Labor force - by occupation agriculture: 4. Unemployment rate 3. Population below poverty line 1. Gini Index coefficient - distribution of family income Budget revenues: Public debt Fiscal year calendar year. Imports - commodities integrated circuits, crude petroleum, photography equipment, natural gas, refined petroleum Energy Electricity - production Electricity - consumption
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This list of countries by traffic-related death rate shows the annual number of road fatalities per capita per year, per number of motor vehicles, and per vehicle-km in some countries in the year the data was collected.. According to the World Health Organization, road traffic injuries caused an estimated million deaths worldwide in That is, one person is killed every 25 seconds. Aug 02, · A reimbursive travel allowance is an allowance paid to an employee for actual business kilometres travelled, according to either the SARS determined rate – which is R per . The average rate was per , people. Low-income countries now have the highest annual road traffic fatality rates, at per ,, while the rate in high-income countries is lowest, at per .
An independent kingdom for much of its long history, Korea was occupied by Japan beginning in following the Russo-Japanese War. In , Tokyo formally annexed the entire Peninsula. Korea regained its independence following Japan's surrender to the US in A armistice split the Peninsula along a demilitarized zone at about the 38th parallel. PARK Chung-hee took over leadership of the country in a coup. During his regime, from to , South Korea achieved rapid economic growth, with per capita income rising to roughly 17 times the level of North Korea in In December , the National Assembly passed an impeachment motion against President PARK over her alleged involvement in a corruption and influence-peddling scandal, immediately suspending her presidential authorities.
Discord with North Korea has permeated inter-Korean relations for much of the past decade, highlighted by the North's attacks on a South Korean ship and island in , the exchange of artillery fire across the DMZ in , and multiple nuclear and missile tests in and Protestant In the s, GDP per capita was comparable with levels in the poorest countries in the world.
Beginning in the s under President PARK Chung-hee, the government promoted the import of raw materials and technology, encouraged saving and investment over consumption, kept wages low, and directed resources to export-oriented industries that remain important to the economy to this day. Growth surged under these policies, and frequently reached double-digits in the s and s. Growth gradually moderated in the s as the economy matured, but remained strong enough to propel South Korea into the ranks of the advanced economies of the OECD by These policies also led to the emergence of family-owned chaebol conglomerates such as Daewoo, Hyundai, and Samsung, which retained their dominant positions even as the government loosened its grip on the economy amid the political changes of the s and s.
South Korea tackled difficult economic reforms following the crisis, including restructuring some chaebols, increasing labor market flexibility, and opening up to more foreign investment and imports. These steps lead to a relatively rapid economic recovery. South Korea also began expanding its network of free trade agreements to help bolster exports, and has since implemented 16 free trade agreements covering 58 countries—including the United State and China—that collectively cover more than three-quarters of global GDP.
In , the election of President MOON Jae-in brought a surge in consumer confidence, in part, because of his successful efforts to increase wages and government spending. This could be partially offset by efforts to address challenges arising from its rapidly aging population, inflexible labor market, continued dominance of the chaebols, and heavy reliance on exports rather than domestic consumption. Socioeconomic problems also persist, and include rising inequality, poverty among the elderly, high youth unemployment, long working hours, low worker productivity, and corruption.
Overall score: 84 Starting a Business score: Skip to main content Go to CIA. Explore All Countries Korea, South. Page last updated: April 13, Photos of Korea, South View 57 Photos. Country Flag View Details.
Arrow Right Icon. Country Map View Larger. Travel Facts. Locator Map View Larger. Introduction Background An independent kingdom for much of its long history, Korea was occupied by Japan beginning in following the Russo-Japanese War. Visit the Definitions and Notes page to view a description of each topic. Definitions and Notes. Geographic coordinates 37 00 N, 30 E. Map references Asia.
Area total: 99, sq km land: 96, sq km water: 2, sq km country comparison to the world: Area - comparative slightly smaller than Pennsylvania; slightly larger than Indiana. Area comparison map Enlarge. Land boundaries total: km border countries 1 : North Korea km. Coastline 2, km. Maritime claims territorial sea: 12 nm; between 3 nm and 12 nm in the Korea Strait contiguous zone: 24 nm exclusive economic zone: nm continental shelf: not specified. Climate temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter; cold winters.
Terrain mostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains in west and south. Elevation mean elevation: m lowest point: Sea of Japan 0 m highest point: Halla-san 1, m. Natural resources coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential. Land use agricultural land: Irrigated land 7, sq km Natural hazards occasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; low-level seismic activity common in southwest volcanism: Halla 1, m is considered historically active although it has not erupted in many centuries.
Geography - note strategic location on Korea Strait; about 3, mostly small and uninhabited islands lie off the western and southern coasts. People and Society Population 51,, July est. Nationality noun: Korean s adjective: Korean. Ethnic groups homogeneous.
Languages Korean, English widely taught in elementary, junior high, and high school. Religions Protestant Age structure years: Dependency ratios total dependency ratio: Median age total: Population growth rate 0. Birth rate 6. Death rate 6. Net migration rate 2. Urbanization urban population: Major urban areas - population 9.
Sex ratio at birth: 1. Mother's mean age at first birth 31 years est. Infant mortality rate total: 2. Life expectancy at birth total population: Total fertility rate 1. Contraceptive prevalence rate Current Health Expenditure 7. Physicians density 2. Hospital bed density Obesity - adult prevalence rate 4. Children under the age of 5 years underweight 0. Education expenditures 4. School life expectancy primary to tertiary education total: 17 years male: 17 years female: 16 years Unemployment, youth ages total: Government Country name conventional long form: Republic of Korea conventional short form: South Korea local long form: Taehan-min'guk local short form: Han'guk abbreviation: ROK etymology: derived from the Chinese name for Goryeo, which was the Korean dynasty that united the peninsula in the 10th century A.
Government type presidential republic. Independence 15 August from Japan. National holiday Liberation Day, 15 August Constitution history: several previous; latest passed by National Assembly 12 October , approved in referendum 28 October , effective 25 February amendments: proposed by the president or by majority support of the National Assembly membership; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote by the Assembly membership, approval in a referendum by more than one half of the votes by more than one half of eligible voters, and promulgation by the president; amended several times, last in Legal system mixed legal system combining European civil law, Anglo-American law, and Chinese classical thought.
International law organization participation has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdiction. Citizenship citizenship by birth: no citizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of South Korea dual citizenship recognized: no residency requirement for naturalization: 5 years.
Suffrage 18years of age; universal; note - the voting age was lowered from 19 to 18 beginning with the national election. Judicial branch highest courts: Supreme Court consists of a chief justice and 13 justices ; Constitutional Court consists of a court head and 8 justices judge selection and term of office: Supreme Court chief justice appointed by the president with the consent of the National Assembly; other justices appointed by the president upon the recommendation of the chief justice and consent of the National Assembly; position of the chief justice is a 6-year nonrenewable term; other justices serve 6-year renewable terms; Constitutional Court justices appointed - 3 by the president, 3 by the National Assembly, and 3 by the Supreme Court chief justice; court head serves until retirement at age 70, while other justices serve 6-year renewable terms with mandatory retirement at age 65 subordinate courts: High Courts; District Courts; Branch Courts organized under the District Courts ; specialized courts for family and administrative issues.
Flag description white with a red top and blue yin-yang symbol in the center; there is a different black trigram from the ancient I Ching Book of Changes in each corner of the white field; the South Korean national flag is called Taegukki; white is a traditional Korean color and represents peace and purity; the blue section represents the negative cosmic forces of the yin, while the red symbolizes the opposite positive forces of the yang; each trigram kwae denotes one of the four universal elements, which together express the principle of movement and harmony.
National symbol s taegeuk yin yang symbol , Hibiscus syriacus Rose of Sharon , Siberian tiger; national colors: red, white, blue, black. Real GDP growth rate 2. Inflation rate consumer prices 0. Gross national saving GDP - composition, by sector of origin agriculture: 2. GDP - composition, by end use household consumption: Industries electronics, telecommunications, automobile production, chemicals, shipbuilding, steel. Industrial production growth rate 4. Labor force Labor force - by occupation agriculture: 4.
Unemployment rate 3.