Beliefs of the Republican Party
Basic Republican Principles. From its inception in and from its earliest stands against the oppressive institution of slavery, the Republican Party has defined itself as the protector of individual freedom. Today, years later, we, of the WSU College Republicans, reaffirm our commitment as Republicans in the cause of freedom and liberty. And we redirect our course back to the basic tenets . Sep 12, †Ј The Republican Party was initially created to advocate for a free-market economy that countered the Democratic Party Тs agrarian leanings and support of slave labour. In recent history, the Republicans have been affiliated with reducing taxes to stimulate the economy, deregulation, and conservative social values.
The Republican Party R or informally the GOP short for Grand Old Partyis one of the two major political parties in the United States and founded on the principles of equality and "one person, one vote. The Republican Party is the only major U. The Republican Party is also pro- free enterprisepro-religious liberty, pro- Second Amendmentand pro- traditional marriagewhile opposing the defunding of police departments.
At its first national convention, inthe Republican Party platform stated, "It is the duty of Congress to prohibit in the territories those twin relics of barbarism, polygamy and slavery. The Republican Party was created in by anti-slavery activists and has always stood for equal rights and the dignity of the individual. It soon swept to control of all the northern states, and in elected Abraham Lincoln president.
Eisenhower in that era. Unable to suppress minority voting rights for another century, in the s Democrats sought to make Blacks dependent for food and housing on the Democratic party again with the War on Povertyas Blacks had been in the pre-Civil War plantation system. The system of economic co-dependency what is the best heat defence spray patronage between white liberal racists and African Americans that existed for centuries was renewed in the mids.
It is important to vote for someone who's more conservative on the issues rather than for someone who represents their party only by name due to the fact some Republicans are less conservative than typical Republicans see: RINO. The official symbol of the Republican Party is the elephant. Although the elephant had occasionally been associated with the party earlier, a political cartoon by Thomas Nastpublished in Harper's Weekly on November 7,is considered the first important use of the symbol.
The eagle still appears on Indiana ballots. A political term referring to the party is "G. The term was coined in Historically, the fundamental philosophy and political ideals of the Republican Party are founded on the idea that societal health is rooted in personal responsibility and actions. The Republican Party holds the belief that all material things are earned, not owed. This is seen most often in the party's push for lower taxes. This is fought for in an attempt to treat all citizens equally despite income, race, gender, or religion.
They also see taxes as a drag on the economy, and believe private spending is usually more efficient than public spending. President Ronald Reagan who became a Republican in the early s after being a New Dealer at one time, has been quoted as saying "Government is not the solution, it is the problem. The party tends to hold both conservative and libertarian stances on social and economic issues respectively. Major policies that the party has recently supported include a conservative foreign policy, including War on Terrorliberating of Afghanistan and Iraqand strong support for democracy, especially in the Middle East.
Many party members and politicians have shown a distrust of the United Nations due to the organization's incompetent bureaucracy, anti-capitalist undertone, corruption on the Security Council and in UN humanitarian programs.
Along with demanding radical reforms in the UN, many Republican politicians also opposes the Kyoto Protocol due the protocol's unfair application to certain countries especially the United States and the fact that it prevents economic growth and slows the reduction of poverty.
It is responsible for a series of across-the-board tax cuts since that have bolstered the economy and reduced the punitive aspect of the income tax. It has sought business deregulation, reduction of environmental regulations that restrict fair use of land and property, and other policies that are pro-capitalism. It supports gun ownership rights, and enterprise zones low taxes for investing in poverty areas. On social issues the majority of its national and state candidates usually favor the death penalty, call for stronger state-level control on access to abortion what am i fighting for zero, support a constitutional amendment banning gay marriage at the federal level and by the states, favor faith-based charitable initiatives, support school choice and homeschooling, social welfare benefit reform, and oppose reverse racism, such as racial quotas.
In recent years the party has called for much stronger accountability in the public schools, especially through the "No Child Left behind Act" of which also increased federal funding for schools. The party is split on the issue of federally funding embryonic stem cell research that involves the cloning and killing of human embryos.
Many in the party think it is unethical to force taxpayers who believe this type of research is morally wrong to finance it. Historically Republicans have had a strong belief in individualismlimited government, and business entrepreneurship. In recent years, the Republican party has downplayed its emphasis on small government. Under the administration of George W. Bushthe federal government has been expanded to record levels, surpassing even the Great Depression era.
Inthe Republican Party adopted the most pro-life party platform in its entire history, with strong language recognizing the right to life of unborn human beings and condemning Planned Parenthood. The party began inat the start of the Third Party System. Since the GOP has won 8 of 13 presidential elections losing in,and Its great rival is the party of segregation, slavery and Jim Crow, the Democrat Party. The Republican party began as a spontaneous grassroots protest against the Kansas-Nebraska Act ofwhich allowed slavery into western territories where it had been forbidden by earlier compromises.
The creation of the new party, along with the death of the Whig Partyrealigned American politics. The central issues were new, as were the voter alignments, and the balance of power in Congress. The central issues became slavery, race, civil war and the reconstruction of the Union into a more powerful nation, with rules changed that gave the vote to How to make great hummus and former slaves.
Republican activists denounced the Kansas-Nebraska act as proof of the power of the Slave Power Чthe powerful class of slaveholders who were conspiring to control the federal government and to spread slavery nationwide. The name "Republican" gained such favor in because " republicanism " was the paramount political value the new party meant to uphold. The name also echoed the former Jeffersonian party of the First Party System.
The party founders adopted the name "Republican" to indicate it was the carrier of "republican" beliefs about civic virtue, and opposition to aristocracy and corruption. Two small cities of the Yankee diaspora, Ripon, Wisconsin, and Jackson, Michigan, claim the birthplace honors. Jackson held the first statewide convention where delegates on July 6,declared their new party opposed to the expansion of slavery into new territories and selected a statewide slate of candidates.
The Midwest took the lead in forming state party tickets, while the eastern states lagged a year or so. There were no efforts to organize the party in the South, apart from a few areas adjacent to free what is the republican party philosophy. The new party was sectional, based in the northeast and northern MidwestЧareas with a strong Yankee presence. It had only scattered support in slave states before the Civil War.
The first presidential nomination in when to an obscure western explorer John C. The remnants of the Know Nothing movement prevented the new party from sweeping the North, and the Democrats elected James Buchanan. By the Know Nothings were gone and the Republicans swept the North. The election seemed a certain victory, for the party had majorities in states with a majority of the electoral votes. In the event, the opposition split three ways, and Abraham Lincoln coasted to an easy victory, carrying 18 states with electoral votes, while how to separate hydrogen from water without electrolysis opposition carried 15 states mostly in the South with electoral votes.
Lincoln had 1. Besides opposition to what did sit ins accomplish, the new party put forward a modernizing visionЧemphasizing higher education, banking, railroads, industry and cities, while promising free homesteads to farmers.
It vigorously argued that free-market labor was superior to slavery and the very foundation of civic virtue and true American values - this is the "Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men" ideology explored by historian Eric Foner. Many Democrats who joined up were rewarded with governorships. Historians have explored the ethnocultural foundations of the party, along the line that ethnic and religious groups set the moral standards for their members, who then carried those standards into politics.
The churches also provided social networks that politicians used to sign up voters. The pietistic churches, heavily influenced by the revivals of the Second Great Awakeningemphasized the duty of the Christian to purge sin from society. Sin took many formsЧalcoholism, polygamy and slavery became special targets for the Republicans.
The Yankees, who dominated New England, much of upstate New York, and much of the upper Midwest were the strongest supporters of the new party. This was especially true for the pietistic Congregationalists and Presbyterians among them and during the warthe Methodists, along with Scandinavian Lutherans.
The Quakers were a small tight-knit group that was heavily Republican. John C. It had almost no support in the South, where it was roundly denounced in as a divisive force that threatened civil war. The election of Abraham Lincoln in ended the domination of the fragile coalition how to connect steering wheel audio controls pro-slavery southern Democrats and conciliatory northern Democrats which had existed since the days of Andrew Jackson.
Instead, a new era of Republican dominance based in the industrial and agricultural north ensued. Republicans still often refer to their how bad is the storm coming to be tomorrow as the "party of Lincoln" in honor of the first Republican President.
Lincoln proved brilliantly successful in uniting the factions of his party to fight for the Union. Most Democrats at first were War Democratsand supportive until the fall of When Lincoln added the abolition of slavery as a war goal, many war Democrats became "peace Democrats.
In Congress, the party passed major legislation to promote rapid modernization, including a national banking system, high tariffs, an income tax, many excise taxes, paper money issued without backing "greenbacks"a huge national debt, homestead laws, and aid to education and agriculture. The Republicans denounced the peace-oriented Democrats as Copperheads and won enough War Democrats to maintain their majority in ; inthey formed a coalition with many War Democrats as the "National Union Party" which how to install xbox 360 controller to pc Lincoln easily, then folded back into the Republican party.
During the war, upper-middle-class men in major cities formed Union Leaguesto promote and help finance the war effort. In Reconstructionhow to deal with the ex-Confederates and the freed slaves, or Freedmenwere the major issues. ByRadical Republicans controlled Congress and demanded more aggressive action against slavery, and more vengeance toward the Confederates. Lincoln held them off, but just barely.
Republicans at first welcomed President Andrew Johnson ; the Radicals thought he was one of them and would take a hard line in punishing the South. Johnson, however, broke with them and formed a loose alliance with moderate Republicans and Democrats. The what is the republican party philosophy came in the Congressional elections ofin which the Radicals won a sweeping victory and took full control of Reconstruction, passing key laws over the veto. Johnson was impeached by the House, but acquitted by the Senate.
With the election of Ulysses S. Grant inthe Radicals had control of Congress, the party and the Army, and attempted to build a solid Republican base in the South using the votes of FreedmenScalawags and Carpetbaggerssupported directly by U. Army detachments. Republicans all across the South formed local clubs called Union Leagues that effectively mobilized the voters, discussed issues, and when necessary fought off Ku Klux Klan attacks. Thousands died on both sides.
Grant supported radical reconstruction programs in the South, the 14th Amendment, and equal civil and voting rights for the freedmen. Most of all he was the hero of the war veterans, who marched to his tune. The party had become so large that factionalism was inevitable; it was hastened by Grant's tolerance of high levels of corruption typified by the Whiskey Ring.
The " Liberal Republicans " split off in on the grounds that it was time to declare the war finished and bring the troops home.
Many of the founders of the GOP joined the movement, as did many powerful newspaper editors. They nominated Horace Greeleywho gained unofficial Democratic support, but was defeated in a landslide.
The Republican philosophy is as follows: Firstly, a limited federal government with more power given to the states to be self determining. They believe the federal government is . Republican Party - Republican Party - Policy and structure: Although its founders refused to recognize the right of states and territories to practice slavery, the modern Republican Party supports statesТ rights against the power of the federal government in most cases, and it opposes the federal regulation of traditionally state and local matters, such as policing and education. Nov 03, †Ј They believe Republicans are the party of morality. Some simply want less government. They believe only Republicans can solve the problem of .
Because the party is highly decentralized as is the Democratic Party , it encompasses a wide variety of opinion on certain issues, though it is ideologically more unified at the national level than the Democratic Party is. The Republicans advocate reduced taxes as a means of stimulating the economy and advancing individual economic freedom. They tend to oppose extensive government regulation of the economy, government-funded social programs, affirmative action , and policies aimed at strengthening the rights of workers.
Many Republicans, though not all, favour increased government regulation of the private, noneconomic lives of citizens in some areas, such as abortion , though most Republicans also strongly oppose gun-control legislation.
Republicans are more likely than Democrats to support organized prayer in public schools and to oppose the legal recognition of equal rights for gays and lesbians see gay rights movement. Regarding foreign policy , the Republican Party traditionally has supported a strong national defense and the aggressive pursuit of U.
The conventions take place in the summer of each presidential election year; by tradition, the incumbent party holds its convention second. The Republican National Convention typically gathers some 2, delegates who are selected during the winter and spring.
Until the s, few nationwide rules governed the selection of delegates to the Republican National Convention. After the Democratic Party adopted a system based on state primaries and caucuses, the Republicans followed suit.
More than 40 states now select delegates to the Republican convention through primary elections , while several other states choose delegates through caucuses. In contrast, almost all Democratic primaries allocate delegates based on the proportion of the vote each candidate receives. As a result, the Republicans tend to choose their presidential nominees more quickly than the Democrats do, often long before the summer nominating convention, leaving the convention simply to ratify the winner of the primaries.
Republican members of the House and the Senate organize themselves into party conferences that elect the party leaders of each chamber. In keeping with the decentralized nature of the party, each chamber also creates separate committees to raise and disburse funds for House and Senate election campaigns. Although Republican congressional party organizations maintain close informal relationships with the RNC, they are formally separate from it and not subject to its control.
Similarly, state party organizations are not subject to direct control by the national committee. Republican Party. Article Introduction History Policy and structure Show more.
Videos Images. Additional Info. Load Previous Page. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. The more radical members of that partyЧmen like Charles Sumner and Thaddeus StevensЧbelieved that emancipation would prove a sham unless the government guaranteed the civil and political rights of the freedmen; thus, equality of all citizens before the law became a third warЕ. History at your fingertips. Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox!
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